Terpenes are produced by the same glands that produce cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD. They are volatile compounds, meaning that they easily evaporate and release their aroma into the air. This is why different strains of cannabis have distinct smells and flavors.
There are more than 100 different terpenes that have been identified in cannabis, each with its own unique aroma and medicinal properties. Some of the most common terpenes found in cannabis include myrcene, limonene, pinene, and caryophyllene.
Myrcene, for example, has a musky, earthy aroma and is commonly found in indica strains of cannabis. It is believed to have sedative and relaxing effects, making it useful for treating insomnia and anxiety.
Limonene, on the other hand, has a citrusy, lemon-like aroma and is commonly found in sativa strains of cannabis. It is believed to have mood-enhancing and energizing effects, making it useful for treating depression and fatigue.
Pinene has a piney aroma and is found in both sativa and indica strains. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator properties, making it useful for treating asthma and other respiratory conditions.
Caryophyllene has a spicy, peppery aroma and is found in both cannabis and other plants such as black pepper. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, making it useful for treating pain and inflammation.
Terpenes are not only responsible for the aroma and flavor of different strains of cannabis, but they also have medicinal properties that can be useful for treating a wide range of health conditions. As the cannabis industry continues to grow and develop, more research is being conducted on the medicinal properties of terpenes, which will likely lead to new and innovative ways of using cannabis for medicinal purposes.